Virginia Residential Purchase and Sale Agreement

Virginia Residential Purchase and Sale Agreement: Understanding the Basics

If you are buying or selling a residential property in Virginia, it is important to understand the basics of the Virginia Residential Purchase and Sale Agreement. This legal document outlines the terms and conditions of the sale, including the purchase price, closing date, and contingencies.

Here are some key points to keep in mind when reviewing a Virginia Residential Purchase and Sale Agreement:

Purchase Price and Deposit

The purchase price is the agreed-upon amount that the buyer will pay for the property. The seller may ask for an earnest money deposit, which is a percentage of the purchase price that the buyer puts down as a sign of good faith. This deposit will be credited towards the purchase price at closing, but may be forfeited if the buyer fails to meet certain conditions outlined in the agreement.

Closing Date

The closing date is the date when the buyer takes possession of the property. This date is typically set several weeks after the seller accepts the buyer`s offer, to allow time for inspections, appraisals, and other due diligence. The closing date may be extended if either party needs more time to finalize the transaction.


Contingencies are conditions that must be met for the sale to proceed. Common contingencies include financing (i.e., the buyer obtaining a mortgage), inspection (i.e., the buyer having the property inspected by a professional), and appraisal (i.e., the property being appraised for its market value). If one or more contingencies are not met, the buyer may have the right to cancel the agreement and receive a refund of their earnest money deposit.

Seller`s Disclosures

The seller is required to disclose any material defects or issues with the property, such as structural problems, water damage, or hazardous materials. The seller may also be required to disclose any environmental hazards, such as lead paint or asbestos. The buyer has the right to review these disclosures and may negotiate repairs or a price reduction if any issues are found.

Closing Costs

Both the buyer and the seller are responsible for paying certain closing costs associated with the transaction, such as title fees, recording fees, and transfer taxes. The agreement should specify which party is responsible for each cost and how it will be paid.

In conclusion, the Virginia Residential Purchase and Sale Agreement is a crucial document that outlines the terms and conditions of a residential property sale. As a buyer or seller, it is important to carefully review and understand each provision of the agreement before signing. Working with an experienced real estate agent and attorney can help ensure a smooth and successful transaction.